September 2019 Key Discussion Points
Sep 04, 2019
Wheat Variety Selection and Seed TreatmentsFall planting season is quickly approaching. The Great Bend Co-op Seed Department offers several fantastic Certified Wheat varieties for your operation. We tend to take a lot of time selecting our hybrids for corn and soybeans, but have you thought much about wheat seed placement on your farm? Variables such as soil pH, crop rotation, field disease history, field weed history, and end use should be considered when selecting your wheat variety. For example, perhaps you have a low pH soil with a history of cheat or volunteer rye. In this situation you would want to look for a variety that is tolerant to acidic soils and contains a herbicide tolerance trait that would allow you to spray a grass selective herbicide during the growing season.
Seed treatments can also play an important role in getting a great start to your 2020 crop. Whether you are treating Certified Seed Wheat or cleaned bin-run seed wheat, it is important to protect your wheat from early disease and insect pressure. Warden Cereals WR II® seed treatment is a great choice as it has both the fungicide and insecticide included in one product. Early root and shoot growth play a key role in not only putting on plant tillers, but also helping with winter hardiness. Ascend®, a growth regulator, and Quick Roots®, Penicillium Balaii, are seed treatments that can help stimulate and improve early season root and shoot growth.
Fall Armyworms in Early Planted Rye and WheatWarm temperatures and healthy crops can favor the increase in Fall Armyworm presence in early planted cereal crops. As corn and soybeans begin to mature, armyworms will begin to migrate toward the next food supply. Healthy small grains such as early planted rye and wheat for grazing tend to be very inviting for the armyworms. Scouting for Fall Armyworm is important, as they can wipe out large areas in a short amount of time.
Cheat Control with Olympus® or Clearfield® WheatLast Fall’s thin wheat stands followed by abundant rains this Spring created amazing growing conditions for downy brome, aka cheat, in 2019. Although post treatments are available, the control of cheat in wheat is a challenge. If you have fields that you know are going to have a cheat problem, consider looking at your variety choice first. The Clearfield® system works very well on cheat. This program requires the use of a Clearfield® variety of wheat, along with Beyond® Herbicide. With this approach, Beyond® is applied as needed in the Fall when the wheat reaches a minimum growth stage, and then applied a second time in the Spring.
Olympus® offers a planned approach to cheat control in a non-Clearfield® wheat system. Olympus® is applied in the Fall immediately after planting, but before the wheat emerges. This is similar to our PRE applications in row crops. This approach requires a follow up application in the Fall or Spring, depending upon cheat pressure. Olympus® does require an incorporating rain to work as a PRE product.
Speak with our Agronomy staff today to help determine which program will fit best on your operation.
Stabilizers on Wheat FertilizerNow is the time to be applying fertilizer ahead of planting wheat. While fertilizer prices are currently fairly low, improving efficiency and avoiding losses can help increase, or at least protect, your Return on Investment per Acre. Great Bend Co-op offers a variety of options when considering nutrient stabilizer products. Understanding your biggest Nitrogen loss pathway can help you in making the best decision for your farm. Nitrogen can be lost via Leaching, Denitrification, or Volatilization depending upon your soil type, the expected weather, and application method. Products such as Nutrisphere® from Verdesian® Life Sciences and Agrotain® from Koch® Industries can help stabilize and protect your Nitrogen investment this season.
Soil Sampling for Fall and Spring CropsSoil sampling is the most accurate way to determine nutrient needs and create a nutrient plan for any crop. There is still time to get soil samples pulled for the 2020 wheat crop, but you will need to act fast. Plan ahead and turn in your request for soil samples to be collected now or immediately after harvest on ground that will be planted in Spring of 2020. Having these results before the end of 2019 can be key in capturing the best possible pricing on fertilizer products during our Prepay Season.
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